Dominica is famous for its tropical rainforest, many rivers and waterfalls which result from the high rainfall in the interior. In addition, its volcanic origins manifest themselves most noticeably in the Boiling Lake (one of the largest of its kind in the world) and many other smaller fumaroles around the island (including at least one underwater). Moreover, it is widely acknowledged to be both one of the best dive sites and a prime whale watching location in the region (if not the world).
There are a number of National parks or reserves on the island. Our World Heritage Site, the 17,000 acre More Trois Pitons National Park contains perhaps the majority of Dominica's above-water famous sites - several water lakes and waterfalls, including the Emerald Pool, 14 miles from Roseau.
The Northern Forest Reserve is another fine example of oceanic rainforest and is also famous as the home of Dominica's national bird, the rare Sisseton Parrot. The parrot figures prominently on the Coat of Arms, the National Flag, The Public Seal, The Mace of the House of Assembly and Dominica's Honors for Meritorious Service to the Country. The Cabriites National Park, just north of Portsmouth, is home to the partially-restored Fort Shirley. It is also a marine reserve, as is the area around Scott's Head/Soufriere at the south-western tip of the island.
Dominica's population is around 71,810 (2019 census), of which about 14,500 live in the capital city, Roseau, which is located on the south-west coast. Roseau was named after the French name for the reeds that grow by the river (interestingly, there is a Roseau in Minnesota named for the same reason).
The second largest city is Portsmouth in the north-west. Other towns of note include Marigot in the north-east and Grand Bay in the south.
English is the official language but a French-based Creole (Kreyol) is widely spoken, especially in outlying villages. This reflects an often turbulent history in which the island would be assigned to Britain by a treaty with the French, who would promptly break it and try to regain control of Dominica.
For more information about Dominica, visit dominica.gov.dm
Dominica is an island country located in the West Indies. The formal name Commonwealth of Dominica is often used to distinguish it from the Dominican Republic.
Dominica is a parliamentary democracy within the Commonwealth of Nations. Dominica is a full and participating member of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) and the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS).
The currency is the Eastern Caribbean Dollar (of which there are 2.7 to the US$).
Also known as the "Nature Island of the Caribbean", Dominica is famous for its natural and untouched environment.
The Emerald Pool
The Sisserou Parrot, the National Bird